The principles of proper nutrition and recipes for losing weight for every day

Healthy foods for proper nutrition

The first thing many people do when trying to lose weight is to change their diet. And although we first of all recommend that you seek professional advice, as a general information, we will consider the basic principles of proper nutrition.

Very often people in pursuit of weight loss use all sorts of newfangled diets, limit themselves in everything. This leads to new difficulties: uncontrolled appetite appears, health problems, worsening health. Experts warn: this approach is fraught with serious consequences. Obviously, you should not play with your health, it is better to immediately seek help from a weight loss specialist. And understanding the principles of proper nutrition (PP) will help you avoid unnecessary and sometimes dangerous mistakes.

So, before looking for a ready-made free menu on the Internet, you need to determine the average daily calorie requirement of the body. You can do this at home using an online calculator where you need to enter your height and weight parameters. When calculating calories, one must take into account the degree of physical activity of a person.

Weight loss clinics have a better approach. The calculation of the daily calorie intake is carried out on special equipment that analyzes the ratio of fat and muscle mass. Doctors will never give all clients the same menu, for example, 1200 kilocalories. It will be individual, taking into account the characteristics of the organism. In addition, it will contain an optimal amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, macro- and micronutrients and vitamins.

Nutrition Basics for Weight Loss

Proper nutrition is based on the following principles:

  • Diet variety. To lose weight, you don't need to eat only kefir and cucumbers! The menu should be tasty, healthy and varied.
  • Nutritional fraction. The daily calorie intake should be divided into three main meals and two snacks. Breakfast - 30%, lunch - 35%, dinner - 25%, two snacks - 10%. So the body will not feel hungry.
  • Most of the menu should be natural products, without artificial additives, sugar and sweeteners.

In this case, the diet should fit into the norms for calorie content, proteins, fats, carbohydrates.

Where to start?

Switching to a new type of food consists of five steps:

  • Remove foods that are not beneficial to the body, containing so-called "empty calories". These are baked goods, pastries, sweets, sausages and semi-finished products, mayonnaise, sauces.
  • Eliminate alcohol. Some studies show that these beverages affect the appetite-producing neurons in the brain. The more a person drinks, the more he will eat.
  • Avoiding unhealthy empty calories in favor of healthy foods to lose weight
  • Monitor the water balance. You need to drink at least 1. 5 liters of clean water daily. The approximate rate is calculated using the formula: 30 milliliters per kilogram of weight.
  • Create a diet. As already mentioned, it is necessary to divide the daily calorie intake into several meals. For everyone, appoint the most convenient time and stick to it. The schedule should be the same for all days.
  • Gain strength and patience. Making the transition to a new lifestyle can be challenging.

In fact, the process of changing habits is extremely complex. Conventional advice won't help. You should not read reviews of those losing weight on the Internet about magic diets. In fact, only two percent of people are able to lose weight on their own, without harm to health, at home. In all other cases, qualified assistance from weight loss specialists is required. These are nutritionists, psychologists, and personal consultants.

Correct transition to proper nutrition

The transition to a new lifestyle should be gradual. Below are five basic rules. They need to be introduced one by one, so it will be easier for the body to adapt.

So, the correct transition is based on the following principles:

  • Be sure to have breakfast. Usually, those who refuse to eat in the morning eat more throughout the day.
  • Don't rule out dinner. It is as important as breakfast. The only thing is that it is necessary to remove heavy, fatty, highly salty food from it, since it can negatively affect the digestive processes, causing discomfort, heaviness, and bloating.
  • Keep a food diary. At first, patients are not limited in their usual food, but are offered to write down everything that is eaten during the day. At the end of the week, a weight loss specialist analyzes the records, indicating problems. Customers themselves notice at what moments they should refrain from snacking.
  • Learn to count calories, proteins, fats, carbohydrates. You can use the application on the phone or online resources.
  • Increase the amount of fresh vegetables and herbs in the daily menu.

To ease the transition mode a bit, you can find a healthy alternative to junk food. Now on the Internet there are many recipes for baked goods without gluten, lactose, sucrose, various homemade sausages, ham and much more.

Balance in the diet

Mistakes of losing weight

Usually, people who are trying to lose weight go from one extreme to another, exposing the body to serious stress. Here are the main mistakes of losing weight:

  • Excessive reduction in calorie intake. For weight loss, it is enough to reduce consumption by 10-15 percent.
  • Cancellation of breakfast or dinner.
  • Adherence to different diets, especially high-protein or low-carbohydrate.

The main rule of weight loss is balance. In nutrition, in training, in cosmetic procedures. This is the only way to get rid of extra pounds without harming your health and then save the result.

What should be the diet?

The diet, as has been said many times, should be varied and complete. It should include the following product categories:

  • fresh vegetables, herbs, fruits;
  • lean meats: chicken, turkey, rabbit, sometimes lean pork or beef;
  • dairy and fermented milk products;
  • eggs;
  • cereals and cereals;
  • pasta, durum wheat pasta;
  • low fat cheese.

It is better to think over the menu in advance, making a plan for the week. In addition, you need to think over several backup options if you suddenly do not have the right ingredients at hand or you simply don’t want to eat a dish.

It's better to take food with you to work and study. It is difficult to find a suitable dish in cafes and restaurants. Moreover, its calorie content, the content of proteins, fats, carbohydrates are not always indicated.

Product List

Girl eats vegetable salad

The diet should include the following foods:

  • Protein: chicken, turkey, fish, dietary low-calorie ham, eggs (protein), cottage cheese, cottage cheese, protein or protein shakes. Such food helps to reduce appetite, discourage hunger.
  • Fats: egg yolk, vegetable oils, nuts, avocados, fatty fish, cheeses. They restore tissues and cells, participate in many processes.
  • Carbohydrates: buckwheat and oatmeal, brown rice, whole grain flour, bread. Provide the body with the necessary energy.

Each individual makes up a specific list of products, taking into account the budget, season and personal preferences of a person.

Tips for Women After 30

Women over 30 notice some biological changes in their bodies. At this age, you should begin to closely monitor the diet, supply the body with the necessary elements, vitamins to prolong youth, support the body:

  • give preference to natural food without artificial additives, flavors, colors;
  • eat foods rich in calcium - legumes, spinach, almonds;
  • do not forget about iron, the deficiency of which leads to such unpleasant phenomena as pale skin, hair loss, brittle nails;
  • give up coffee, reduce doses of caffeine, alcohol - all these are drinks that increase appetite;
  • observe the norms of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.

Subject to all these rules, girls can maintain their gracefulness, lightness and gracefulness of the body for many years.

Menu and diet for the week

One of the options for developing a menu for the week is to use a transforming grid. It is a list of dishes and includes several options for breakfasts, lunches, dinners, calorie counted snacks and BJU that can be combined with each other. It is better to cook dishes in a pan, without adding oil, sauces, margarine. To speed up cooking, you can use a multicooker or microwave.

Breakfast options Lunch options Dinner Options Snacks
  • oatmeal in water, whole grain bread, 30 grams of cottage cheese;
  • buckwheat, 300 milliliters of fat-free kefir;
  • cheesecakes, honey;
  • diet curd casserole;
  • toasts with homemade chicken ham, lettuce.
  • a portion of rice and fish stewed with vegetables;
  • vegetable soup, durum wheat pasta, chicken breast in soy sauce;
  • baked potatoes, vegetable cutlets;
  • pumpkin puree soup;
  • steamed chicken, stewed cabbage.
  • omelet with tomatoes;
  • baked fish, vegetable salad;
  • grilled chicken breast, baked vegetables;
  • seafood salad with a portion of brown rice;
  • light vegetable soup.
  • crispbread, yogurt without additives, sugar;
  • a few almonds, half an apple;
  • cottage cheese with dates, dried apricots, raisins;
  • dark chocolate, bitter - a couple of cubes;
  • cheesecakes;
  • tea with honey.

All meals should be simple and available. So there will be no temptation to buy ready-made food.

Monthly Program

By the principle of a constructor, you can create a menu for each week, thus getting a complete diet. But it is better that the program be drawn up for a longer period, for example, a month. So there will be more variety in food.

Proper nutrition should become a way of life. Therefore, you need to make it as tasty, varied and healthy as possible. Do not be afraid to experiment, try new recipes, use unusual ingredients for cooking. Severe restrictions, excessive calorie reduction, can cause serious psychological problems, including eating disorders (EID), discourage all desire to lose weight. Therefore, it is important to start the path to a healthy lifestyle with a consultation with specialists.

How much weight can you lose with proper nutrition

It will be difficult to lose weight on one proper diet. Since the reasons for weight gain are different for everyone, then you need to deal with it individually, using a complex of various techniques. It is necessary to understand that there is no magic pill, the extra pounds that have been accumulating over the years will not go away in a month. Therefore, you should not look for effective radical diets and methods. Can you lose weight with them? Yes, but the price will be too high.

In most cases, patients require complex psychotherapy. You need to learn to live in a new way, to deal with stress, problems without jamming, breakdowns. In addition, you need to think over a set of physical activities, it can be walking, jogging, training in the gym or at home using a treadmill, stepper or other special equipment. For girls and women, the option of physical activity is selected, taking into account the state of health, weight and other important factors.

Best Recipes

In order for proper nutrition to easily enter life and become an integral part of it, it is necessary to take care of a variety of diet. You can purchase a recipe book with photos and step-by-step instructions. There are recipes on thematic sites. Here are some interesting options.

Protein Pancakes

Fastest breakfast - protein or protein pancakes. Even a novice cook can cook them.


  • dry protein mixture for baking - 100 grams;
  • any milk - 100 milliliters;
  • sugar substitute or berry syrup;
  • any fruit or berries for decoration, serving.

Mix the ingredients until smooth. Bake the pancakes in a dry skillet without adding oil.

Curd dessert with fruit and gelatin

Favorite dessert for schoolchildren is cottage cheese with added fruit. He will be able to replace sweets, various confectionery, pastries. Cooking is quite simple, you don't even need to bake it in the oven.


  • fat-free cottage cheese - 200 grams;
  • low-calorie sour cream or Greek yogurt - 100 grams;
  • sugar substitute or honey to taste;
  • a tablespoon of lemon juice;
  • sachet (15 grams) gelatin;
  • 100 milliliters of water
  • any fruit.

Dissolve a bag of gelatin in water, leave to swell. Mix it with cottage cheese, sour cream, sugar substitute until smooth. You can beat with a mixer or blender. Lay out the bottom of the bowl with fruit, on top - a curd layer, on top of the berries. Refrigerate for an hour.

Cheesecakes with bran and banana

Another simple recipe for beginners is light, inexpensive, simple banana bran cheese pancakes.


  • fat-free cottage cheese - 300 grams;
  • one chicken egg (only protein can be put);
  • banana;
  • whole grain flour - 3 tablespoons;
  • bran - 2 tablespoons;
  • a pinch of salt;
  • sweetener to taste.

Mix all ingredients and bake in a dry frying pan without adding oil. Flour can be replaced with oatmeal ground in a coffee maker.

Radish salad

A simple and quick dinner recipe for aspiring nutritionists.


  • radish - 150-200 grams;
  • mix of lettuce leaves - 100 grams;
  • one small carrot;
  • bunch of green onions;
  • three cloves of garlic;
  • salt to taste;
  • vegetable oil for dressing.

Finely chop vegetables and herbs, mix with vegetable oil, finely grated garlic.

Beet salad

The simplest, most delicious, familiar from childhood salad is beetroot.


  • boiled beets - one small;
  • two or three minced garlic cloves;
  • Three tablespoons of sour cream or Greek yogurt
  • salt.

Mix all ingredients. Serve with parsley.

Tuna Salad

A good dinner option is tuna salad.


  • tuna canned in its own juice - one can;
  • cherry tomatoes - 7-8 pieces;
  • two chicken eggs;
  • one cucumber;
  • one onion;
  • lettuce mixture;
  • olive oil for dressing;
  • some lemon juice;
  • salt.

Chop, mix, season with lemon juice and olive oil.

Vegetable Chicken Soup

Soups must be included in the diet, especially for schoolchildren and students. One of the simplest recipes is vegetable with chicken.


  • two small potatoes;
  • one onion;
  • one carrot;
  • bell pepper;
  • tomato;
  • chicken fillet.

Cut the chicken into cubes and boil. Add vegetables, salt to the broth, cook until tender. Garnish with herbs when serving.

Carrot soup

In the TOP rating of the most interesting dishes for proper nutrition, carrot soup occupies a leading position. Most people are skeptical about him. It is believed that such food cannot be tasty. But, having cooked carrot soup correctly once, many leave it in their diet.


  • three large carrots;
  • two potatoes;
  • a tablespoon of butter;
  • one onion;
  • three glasses of chicken stock or water
  • salt, spices (curry, ginger, cardamom).

Boil vegetables until tender. Beat in a blender until puree, adding broth, butter, spices.

Brussels sprouts soup with cream

This soup can be cooked on the stove top or in a slow cooker.


  • chicken broth - liter;
  • Brussels sprouts - 300 grams;
  • one carrot;
  • leek - half root;
  • onions - one piece;
  • two tablespoons of butter;
  • two or three potatoes;
  • 100 milliliters of cream;
  • one egg;
  • salt, black pepper, nutmeg, bay leaf.

Boil vegetables until tender. Beat in a blender until smooth, adding broth, cream, butter, spices.

Tomato soup

You can make a quick dinner with tomato soup. This is a tasty, unusual, yet simple and healthy dish.


  • tomatoes - 1 kilogram;
  • onions;
  • a few cloves of garlic;
  • cream - 100 milliliters;
  • two tablespoons of olive oil
  • salt, oregano, basil.

Scald the tomatoes with boiling water, remove the skins and simmer with onions. After they acquire a uniform consistency, add oil, spices, salt.

Pumpkin baked with egg

A simple and healthy meal is pumpkin baked with an egg. It can be served as a separate dish for dinner or as a snack.


  • pumpkin - 500 grams;
  • two or three eggs;
  • two tablespoons of butter;
  • salt and spices to taste, a set of Provencal herbs works well.

Cut the pumpkin into small slices. Beat the eggs as for an omelet, add the herbs to the mixture and pour over the pieces. Send to oven for 40-50 minutes until tender.

Light Stewed Cabbage Recipe

Cabbage can be stewed in a saucepan, slow cooker or in a regular pan. This simple dish can be a good dinner or a side dish for lunch.


  • white cabbage - 500 grams;
  • small onion;
  • carrots;
  • two tablespoons of vegetable oil;
  • salt, black pepper.

Finely chop the onion and cabbage, grate the carrots. Simmer in a skillet with oil and water until tender.

Chicken baked with vegetables

The perfect lunch is chicken baked with vegetables.


  • chicken fillet;
  • bell pepper;
  • tomatoes;
  • bow;
  • carrots;
  • potatoes;
  • two tablespoons of vegetable oil or low-fat sour cream.

Cut vegetables and meat into pieces, put in a mold, add butter or sour cream. Bake in the oven until tender, about 30-40 minutes.

Chicken fillet in mustard sauce

This option is well suited not only for an everyday dinner, but also for a festive feast.


  • chicken fillet - 500 grams;
  • one carrot and one onion;
  • three tablespoons of low-fat sour cream;
  • two tablespoons;
  • two teaspoons of flour;
  • a glass of boiling water;
  • some vegetable oil.

Pre-marinate the meat in sour cream and mustard, leave for an hour and a half. Fry carrots and onions in a pan, add meat, boiling water. Simmer until tender.

Zucchini casserole

An interesting option for dinner or lunch is a casserole with zucchini.


  • zucchini;
  • one onion;
  • one bell pepper;
  • tomato;
  • two or three eggs;
  • 200 milliliters of kefir or low-fat sour cream;
  • some low-fat cheese;
  • salt, pepper, herbs to taste.

Cut vegetables into thin strips. Lay in layers, smearing with sour cream or kefir. Bake in the oven for 40-50 minutes. Sprinkle with cheese and herbs before serving.

Zucchini baked with minced chicken

One of the options for a zucchini casserole is with minced meat. The recipe remains the same, but the layers between the vegetables need to be shifted with meat. This will make the dish much tastier and juicier.

Pollock with stewed vegetables

Pollock is a favorite fish of children and schoolchildren. It is juicy, tender, the main thing is to cook it correctly.


  • pollock - one fish;
  • sour cream - 150-200 milliliters;
  • onions;
  • carrots;
  • potatoes;
  • salt and pepper to taste.

Place pollock pieces in a baking dish, pour over sour cream, season with salt. Put chopped vegetable slices on top. Bake everything together in the oven until tender, sprinkle with cheese and herbs before serving.

Diet pilaf with chicken

Usually pilaf is cooked with pork. It turns out to be quite fat, heavy. A healthy but equally delicious alternative is with chicken.


  • chicken fillet;
  • carrots;
  • bow;
  • rice (polished or brown) - one glass;
  • water - two glasses;
  • two tablespoons of vegetable oil.

Cut the chicken breast into cubes, fry with onions and carrots over low heat. Cover with a glass of rice, add water and simmer until tender.

Proper nutrition is a tasty, healthy, varied diet that gives not only a beautiful figure, but also good health and good health.